Data Management And Information Systems

9234 WordsMar 14, 201637 Pages
Introduction With 3.2 billion internet users [1] and 6.4 billion internet connected devices by 2016 [2], unprecedented amount of data is being generated and process daily and increasing every year. The advent of web 2.0 has fueled the growth and creation of new and more complex types of data which creates a natural demand to analyze new data sources in order to gain knowledge. This new data volume and complexity of the data is being called Big Data, famously characterised by Volume, Variety and Velocity; has created data management and processing challenges due to technological limitations, efficiency or cost to store and process in a timely fashion. The large volume and complex data is unable to be handled and/or processed by most current information systems in a timely manner and the traditional data mining and analytics methods developed for a centralized data systems may not be practical for big data. The paper provides background and related literature on the Big Data, studies the concept from Relational Database to current NoSQL database which have been fueled by the growth Big Data and importance of managing it. And surveys the Big Data challenges from the perspective of its characteristics Volume, Variety and Velocity and attempts to study how those challenges can be addressed. This is where NoSQL systems have been created to solve the data management challenges posed by Big Data. NoSQL is not a single system that can solve every single Big Data problem
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