David Hume 's Morality Of Suicide

1722 WordsMar 22, 20167 Pages
David Hume argues against those who oppose the morality of suicide. He approaches this discussion in a philosophical manner and disregards a superstitious mind set as he claims can lead to ‘false opinion’. A man of superstition is prevented from ending his life that is filled with extreme misery because a superstitious deposition adds to the fear of death rendering a man helpless from the control over his own destiny. “…when the menaces of superstition are joined to this natural timidity, no wonder it quite deprives men of all power…” (Hume 292). Hume justifies his claim to the morality of suicide in three arguments; the first is not a demeanor to the duty of God, the second is not a demeanor to the duty to others and the third being not a demeanor to ourselves. Hume introduces his first argument by informing us that general laws of nature that God has created for all beings; animate and inanimate, govern our very existence and behaviour. ‘…the almighty Creator has established general and immutable laws by which all bodies from the greatest planet to the smallest particle of matter, are maintained in their proper sphere and function. (Hume 292). God governs animals by giving them ‘bodily and mental powers’ which controls or forces them onto the path they were destined. Hume argues that if a man filled with misery were to kill himself is justifiable because he is acting in accordance with these laws. The life that we are given follows the law of God and if we were to die
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