David Hume 's Views On Morality

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Hume focused on the question does our morality come from our rational nature or our sentiment nature? According to Hume, the judgments and recommendations of morality arise not from reason, but from moral sense. Hume argued that virtue is always accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, and vice by a feeling of pain. Therefore, we praise an instance of virtuous action precisely because it stimulates in us a pleasing feeling, and we avoid committing a vicious action because we anticipate that doing so would yield pain. I don’t completely agree with Hume. I think that we equally need both sentiment and reasoning to make moral decisions. Our feelings provide a natural guide for moral conduct. I believe as human beings we rely on feelings to move us to act morally, and to ensure that our reasoning is not only logical but also humane. As people, we manifest empathy before developing our rational abilities, and there is evidence for the same order of development in the evolution of the human brain. Rousseau argued that once people have achieved awareness of themselves as social beings, morality also becomes possible and this relies on the further capacity of conscience. Morality, to him, has to do with the application of reason to human affairs and conduct which requires conscience. Rousseau viewed conscience as the mental ability that is the source of moral motivation. Rousseau praised humans in the state of nature. Though the human being is naturally good and free from the vices
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