Dbq American Revolution

1295 Words6 Pages
The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis After the costly Seven Years’ War, occurring from 1754 to 1763, between the British Empire and the French and their Indian allies, the British Parliament needed a way to gain revenue to pay for the war because they were in debt. This costed a lot because the British government needed to pay for the necessities of war, such as an army and a navy. To do this, the British Parliament decided to issue taxes and passed many acts. Acts such as the Stamp Act, Tea Act, and Sugar Act had terms to them, as well as having adverse effects on the colonists living during the mid to late eighteenth century, mainly the years 1754 to 1775. One of the ways to raise revenue was through the Tea Act of 1773. Americans…show more content…
The hope of doing this was to lower the price of East India tea as well as the duty below the price of the smuggled Dutch tea, therefore motivating Americans to obey the law. This act lowered the tax on tea to entice boycotting Americans to buy it. However, the Americans did not fall for this trick because they thought this act was to help increase revenues to pay the “salaries of royal governors and judges.” (150). The Tea Act had many effects on the colonists. First of all, they did not like this taxation, causing them to think of ways to break the law. They came up with one way, which was to pressure the tea agents to resign. “Without agents, governors yielded, and tea cargoes either landed duty-free or were sent home.” (150). In November 1773, three ships containing tea arrived in Boston. The ships cleared customs, and the crews, unloaded all the cargo except for the tea because they could sense the extreme tension in the town. The ship captains wanted to leave the town due to the tension, but Governor Hutchinson would not allow them to leave without paying the tea duty. He gave them twenty days to pay. If they did not pay…show more content…
The customs service “monitored the shipping trade and collected all import and export duties.” (140). He found that the salaries that were paid to the customs service officers were four times as much as how much was collected in revenues, meaning that the British government was not making profit, but was losing money by paying these officers. The shortfall in how much was collected was mainly due to smuggling and bribery, which caused George “to insist on rigorous attention to paperwork and strict accounting of collected duties.” (140). The hardest act to enforce was the Molasses Act of 1733, which was a tax of six pence per gallon on any molasses that was imported to the British colonies from non-British sources. However, Americans that loved rum did not pay attention to this act, and continued to buy molasses from the French Caribbean islands. The Sugar Act cut the duty on the Molasses Act in half, from six pence to three pence, which made it more attractive for shippers to obey the law now. The Sugar Act also raised the penalties for smuggling, as well as toughening enforcement policies. The Sugar Act allowed all British naval crews to act as impromptu customs officer, meaning that they could board all suspicious ships and seize anything that violated the Sugar Act. Smugglers that were caught without proper

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