Dbq: the Enlightenment Essay

1184 Words Jun 30th, 2013 5 Pages
Parmveer Ratth October 11, 2012

DBQ: The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment known by many as the Age of Reason was a turning point in history. Man people believe that without the Enlightenment, many of the laws, and rules would exist. For example the United States Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were greatly influenced by the Enlightenment. For example, John Locke, an Enlightenment thinker highly influenced the Declaration of Independence by stating that the natural rights of people include life, liberty and property except the founding fathers changed it by stating life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The
…show more content…
Another idea used to challenge an absolute monarchy was in Document # 2. Voltaire, who was a French author and philosopher, states “…I may disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it… The best government seems to be that in which all ranks of men are equally protected by the laws…” This statement challenged absolute monarchies because Voltaire believed that freedom of speech should be a right for each person. He believed that people should be able to express their thoughts and feelings. Freedom of speech is a very important right today, and it is used every day by people who express their thoughts. Also in Document # 3 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who was a French philosopher states “Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains.” Rousseau is saying that despite the fact that man is born free, he is still tortures, still abused and has all of those free liberties taken away from him. For example, even though people in France prior to the revolution were all human, only the third estate had to pay taxes.
The Enlightenment also had a large impact on both government and society. For example in Document # 5 English philosopher Locke states “Man being… by nature all free, equal, and independent no one can be… subjected to the political power of another without his own consent… To protect natural rights governments are established… Since man hope to preserve their

More about Dbq: the Enlightenment Essay

Open Document