Debate Summary: The Causes of Depression Essay

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In unit seven, this learner took part in a debate involving the causes of depression. Depression is a debilitating mental disorder that can be detrimental to a person’s way of living. For centuries, psychologists and researchers have been searching for a single cause of depression, identifying two perspectives to date. The cognitive-behavioral perspective includes influences of faulty thinking that develops from low self-esteem and or a learned helplessness. In addition, cognitive-behavioral perspective indicates environmental influences such as poor living conditions and socioeconomic issues as causes of depression. However, this learner presented evidence along with personal experiences to support the biological perspective of the …show more content…
This evidence supports the connection between this learner’s diagnosis of chronic depression and Bipolar disorder and the diagnosis of depression in three of her four children. However, there may also appear to be chemical imbalances in this learner’s three children as each one also has a clinical diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which canto result from an association with chemical imbalances (Hawkins, 2009).
The chemical imbalance explanation this is the sole cause of depression. However, as France, Lysaker, and Robinson (2007) acknowledge chemical imbalances such as serotonin, monoamines (found in most antidepressants), and depletion of SSRI neurotransmitters contribute to depression, these imbalance are not the sole cause of depression. For example, the treatment for depression involves the use of antidepressants, which show the restoration of balance to these chemicals, but show little or no improvement in the symptoms of depression. In addition, studies by Dr. Amen and Dr. Gray (as cited in the book notes of Pourbabaee, n.d.) implies abnormal levels of serotonin in the limbic system results in an overactive limbic system. This over activity causes changes in the anatomy of the limbic system resulting in a person having negative thoughts, experiencing chronic distress and hopelessness. This is one example of how changes to the anatomy of the brain cause depression. However, Damage…

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