Debriefing Simulation As A Reflective Tool

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Debriefing in the simulation as a reflective tool
Simulation is one kind of reflective tool that widely use in nursing education. National League for Nursing (NLN) described that simulation was a teaching technique that encouraged students to use and apply their theoretical knowledge in clinical scenarios (2015). NLN (2015) also mentioned that “simulation engages learners with diverse perspectives to reflect and reframe the understanding of practice, bringing thinking and doing together” (p. 4). Jones (2009) showed the similar view that reflective simulation was a critical learning process via practiced-based scenario activity that enhanced students to learn and to practice skills before they faced real situations. However, not all processes of simulation use reflection, it is just debriefing process.
According to Pivec (2012), “Reflection is often a part of debriefing” (p. 9), debriefing in the simulation was a method that students reflected their experiences and knowledge after simulation (Pivec, 2012). Likewise, Shinnick et al. (2011) explained that debriefing, a guided reflection after simulation produced by educators, was a crucial process of simulation that was the time for students to reflect and explore their learning. The appropriate time for debriefing was immediately after finishing their action in case scenario (Pivec, 2012; Shinnick et al, 2011). The length of debriefing time should be two or three times of simulation’s times that scheduled by educators
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