Deception Is A Common Behavior Displayed Amongst Individuals Of Varying Age Groups

1983 WordsNov 29, 20168 Pages
Deception is a common behavior displayed amongst individuals of varying age groups. It can include the humblest form of agreeing with a person’s opinion, even if an individual does not agree (e.g., saying we like the color of a dress when we do not) or other forms such as lying about a serious transgression. Deception can also be self-directed. Researchers have investigated the age at which children are likely to succeed in deception. The findings of the present study proposed that a punitive environment not only increases incidences of dishonesty in young children, but also their ability to lie and conceal their transgressions (Talwar & Lee, 2011). The most commonly used method to study dishonesty in children is the temptation-resistance paradigm (TRP) pioneered by Sears, Rau, and Alpert (1965). In this study, the researcher instructs children to refrain from peeking at a toy when the child is left alone. However, due to children’s natural inquisitiveness and difficulty resisting temptation, many children tend to peek. Upon returning, the researcher asked the children whether they have peeked at the toy. This procedure created a representational situation where children are naturally motivated to lie in order to conceal their transgressions to which children who tend to lie at home (Talwar & Lee, 2011). Research indicates that majority of children who lie on a regular basis are raised in punitive environments (Talwar & Lee, 2011). Further, it was observed that the

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