Decubitus Ulcers Essay example

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Over the years, nursing homes patients haven't been given the attention that they need. Because elders are so vulnerable and they require a lot of attention, this type of treatment has been labeled as nursing home abuse. One of the signs of ongoing abuse and neglect include decubitus ulcers also known as "bed sores. These types of sores are created when excessive pressure is applied to a certain area. They can range from a mild pink coloration of the skin, which disappears in a few hours after pressure is relieved from the area, to a very deep wound extending to and sometimes through a bone into internal organs. Although these are some of the first signs of nursing home abuse, skin burns are another sign of abuse. A burn is a harmful…show more content…
Treatment of a stage 1 decubitus ulcers consists of relieving pressure form the infected area and then covering, protecting, and cushioning the area as best as possible. Increased nutrition is also a part of prevention at this stage. An increase in vitamin C, proteins, and fluids is recommended. A stage 2 or Partial Thickness decubitus ulcer is a partial thickness skin loss involving epidermis, dermis, or both. This stage presents clinically as a shallow crater, blister, abrasion, or skin tear. The blister can be either broken or unbroken. The primary goal of treatment in this case is to cover, protect, and clean the area as quickly as possible. Skin lotions or emollients are used to give hydration to the surrounding tissues and to prevent the wound form spreading or getting worse. Any types of padding or protective substance that decrease the pressure on the area are important. Close attention to prevention, protection, nutrition, and hydration is very important at this point also. With proper care and quick acting, a stage 2 wound can heal very rapidly. A stage 3 or Full thickness decubitus ulcer is a full thickness skin loss involving damage to or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue that may extend down to, but not through underlying fascia. This stage presents clinically as a deep crater with or without undermining of adjacent tissue. The treatment of relieving pressure is still very important in this stage as in both stage
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