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Deep Vein Thrombosis Essay

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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a disorder that occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein that is deep inside the body. It is mainly associated with veins in the legs, usually in the lower leg and thigh, but may occur in other parts of the body. About half of the people who have DVT show no symptoms, but people who sit for long periods, are over 60 and smoke are at higher risk, and should be aware of possible signs of a problem.

If a blood clot in your legs breaks away from the vein wall, it may travel to your lungs. This is a pulmonary embolism and is very serious. There may not be any symptoms, but if you start suddenly coughing and bring up blood or have sharp chest pain and shortness of breath with severe lightheadedness, you should immediately
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Sometimes test are given to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms and you may have a complete physical exam. Some of the tests that may be required to diagnose the symptoms are:

Duplex ultrasound – this test uses sound waves that relay the echo to a computer that makes pictures of the veins and blood clot. This is done by our trained technicians. A gel is spread on your skin and a wand is moved over the area where the clot could be. This test is better for finding blood clots in the legs, but may not fine them in the pelvis.

Venography – this test is a special x-ray and more accurate than the ultrasound. A radioactive dye is injected into the vein to help illuminate the blood clot.

Magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) – this test is the most effective for finding blood clots in the pelvis and thigh. It uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to make pictures on a computer of the inside of your
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