Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico Essay

2106 Words 9 Pages
There are a few things that are needed in order for man to survive, food, water, shelter, and an energy source. In the beginning fire was that energy source used to keep humans warm and to cook their food. These days energy is in other forms such as nuclear, wind, solar, and of course, petroleum (oil) and are all needed for survival. Oil was, at one time, plentiful and considered more of a nuisance for those who were drilling wells for water in the US because it would seep into the wells. Early uses for the oil were for machinery lubrication and burning in lamps. It wasn’t until the invention of the internal combustion engine, which made life and manufacturing so much simpler, that oil became of more interest. In the late 1800s John D. …show more content…
Because it is considered such a precious commodity oil has been at the center of many disputes both foreign and domestic. In the 1970s there were two incidents that came in the form of an oil embargo and an energy crisis that caused the price of oil to skyrocket. Then in the 1980s there was a slow in the economy, an excess in oil, and income for OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) fell. Saudi Arabia, producers of approximately 40 percent of all the petroleum of OPEC, purposely drove the price of oil down by deliberately pumping approximately 10 million barrels a day which was close to 2 million over their self-imposed limit of 8 and a half million barrels a day. The Saudis preferred a continual and deliberate climb in crude oil prices instead of price gouging like Libya, Iran and Iraq (Beckwith, Byron, & White). Operation Desert Storm and the Gulf War in the 1990s caused the price of oil to slide even more. And America continued to use more oil thereby becoming increasingly reliant on the importing of foreign oil. This reliance on oil from other countries has become the center for many political debates. After 911 it was even more evident that “terrorist” nations could potentially hold America hostage by cutting oil supplies. Republicans argue that such countries are dangerous and should not be allowed to dictate oil consumption and prices to Americans.
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