“…. However, if alternative courses of action to recover the carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) are under consideration or if a range is estimated for the amount of possible future cash flows associated with the likely course of action, the likelihood of those possible outcomes shall be considered. A probability-weighted approach may be useful in considering the likelihood of those possible outcomes.”
The main purpose of the financial statements is to provide creditors and investors with a summary of a business financial activity. All statements are prepared at certain times throughout the year. The balance sheet reports liabilities, assets, and owner equity of the company. The income statement matches incurred expenses during a period of generated revenue. The statement of retained earnings reports retained earnings from net loss and net incomes from
investors, auditors, executives of the business, etc.) an overview of the financial results and condition of the company. The major financial statements that come out of the accounting cycle are income statements, balance sheets, Statement of cash flows and Statement of retained earnings. Income statements are considered the most important of all the financial statements since it presents the operating results of an entity , e.g. revenues, expenses, and profits/losses generated during the reporting period (Bragg, 2017). Balance sheets provide reports of assets, liabilities, and equity of the entity as of the reporting date and can be considered the second most important statement because it provides information/figures about the liquidity, as well as the capitalization of a company (Bragg, 2017). Statement of cash flows exhibits the cash inflows and outflows that occur during a reporting period, which provides a useful comparison to the income statement, particularly when the amount of profit or loss reported does not reflect cash flows encountered by the businesses (Bragg, 2017). Statement of retained earnings is the least used financial statement that provides information regarding changes in equity during the reporting period and can include information such as: sale or repurchase of stock, dividend payments, and changes caused by reported profits or losses. Statements of retained earnings are often
According to AASB 112, main principal of tax effect is to recognize deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability if it is probable that future recovery or settlement of asset or liability makes future tax payments larger or smaller. Requirements are to separately disclose main parts of tax expense, aggregate current and deferred tax relating to items recognized directly in equity, information demonstrating a relationship between tax expense & company’s accounting profit, and certain information relevant to temporary differences and deferred tax assets.
(i) Prepare the calculation of deferred tax assets or deferred tax liabilities in relation to prepaid rent expense as at 31 December 2011 and 31 December 2012. (ii) Prepare journal entry to record the change in deferred tax assets or deferred tax liabilities
Fictitious reductions of expenses improve the bottom line on financial statements and can mask true losses and debt. (Crumbley, Heitger and Smith, 2013). An airline has a large fleet of aircraft that require extensive routine maintenance costs. In times of unprofitability, the airline might improve earnings by recording additional upgrades to planes as expenses by deferring losses to future periods. GAAP section 39.200 provides details around how capital assets should be recorded on the balance sheet and the associated depreciation should be recorded (GAAP, 2015).
1. Financial reporting purposes: straight line depreciation method is used for plant assets that have a
The value of a deferred tax asset is calculated by taking the financial reporting standards for book income and the jurisdictional tax authority’s rules for taxable income. (Investopedia. 2007) A deferred tax liability arises when a company’s balance
An assumption inherent in an enterprise 's statement of financial position prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles is that the reported amounts of assets and liabilities will be recovered and settled, respectively. Based on that assumption, a difference between the tax basis of an asset or a liability and its reported amount in the statement of
They also include certain changes in its financial position which could be due to different factors such as financial performance or raising debt.
As a new employee in the financial reporting unit the task is to evaluate the relevant disclosures of the company’s latest annual report in accordance to the Income Tax requirements as per AASB 112.