In the two essays being discussed we learn that science has a vast range of definitions. Science is the effort to understand (or to understand better), the history of the natural world and how the natural world works with observable physical evidence as the base of understanding. Science is about how the hypothesis is developed and how well it is defended.
Science thrives on seeking to provide a framework of understanding for the natural and physical world of matter. This endeavor involves taking an ever curious approach towards the observable world and constantly seeks to unravel more of the scientific knowledge of this world. The field is often concerned about mechanisms and processes that drive the natural phenomena we observe. Scientific methods often involve the formation of hypothesis from observation of matter, development of experiments to tests hypotheses, formation of theories and models from conclusions of experiments, and further refinement of theories to fit other data or new observations. Science often seeks to generate laws underlying the occurrences in nature, be it the laws of thermodynamics or the Newtonian laws of motion. Symbols, notations and mathematical equations are often used to provide this scientific lens of understanding this world. Knowledge gained from scientific endeavor is used to benefit humanity, in the curing of diseases and technological machinery.
What is Science? When it comes to the word ‘science’ most of the people have some kind of knowledge about science or when they think of it there is some kind of image related to it, a theory, scientific words or scientific research (Beyond Conservation, n.d.). Many different sorts of ideas float into an individual’s mind. Every individual has a different perception about science and how he/she perceives it. It illustrates that each person can identify science in some form. It indicates that the ‘science’ plays a vital role in our everyday lives (Lederman & Tobin, 2002). It seems that everyone can identify science but cannot differentiate it correctly from pseudo-science and non-science (Park, 1986). This essay will address the difference between science, non-science and pseudo-science. Then it will discuss possible responses to the question that what should we do when there is a clash between scientific explanation and non-scientific explanation. Then it will present a brief examination about the correct non-scientific explanation.
1.Chalmers, A. F., 1999. What is this thing called science?. 3rd ed. Indianapolis/Cambridge: University of
Science is an objective method used explain the natural phenomena of the universe. The practice of a scientific method provides a detailed outline that contributes to expressing how to determine if a theory is scientific. A continual cycle that emphasizes the techniques of observations, questions, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, and conclusion. The complications that arise when applying the scientific method to all theories is that science is subject to change; therefore, it is hard to modify extensive ideas to a few simplified steps. A scientific explanation depends on existing experimental theories to validate or disprove present and future logical arguments. This is because previous observations support abstract methods that may not be testable and the continual change is dependent on specific predictions and discoveries.
G) pseudoscience: Pseudoscience includes topics that are considered scientific but are not based on scientific fact. Pseudoscience also includes topics that are claimed to be scientific but are constrained by scientific
In aborginal languages, tho goana is called “bungarra”. In other central Australian language they are called “Tinka”. The specific name gouldi is latenised form of the name of the scientist who first described this species, English ornithologist John Gould.
This book, ‘What is this Thing called Science?’ is assigned to write a review on the third edition which was published in the year 1999, 1st February by University of Queensland Press. This book is reflects up to date with day today’s contemporary trend and gives a basic introduction on the philosophy of science. This is a very comprehensive book explaining the nature of science and its historical development. It is very informative and a necessary reference when attempting to understand the how science has evolved throughout time. The book is also well organized, and each chapter is concluded with suggestions for further reading. This book is actually a review on the philosophy of science.
Before Einstein, Scientists believed that light waves travelled through a medium called ether. Einstein proved that ether was irrelevant and that light doesn’t travel through a medium. Einstein proved this by figuring out that the speed of light was constant, and in order for ether to be the medium light waves travel through, the speed of light would change depending on the observer. This discovery was one piece of the Specific Theory of Relativity.