Defining the Various Roles of Social Policy Essay

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During the deep days of neoliberalism in 1980s, the WB and IMF argued as social policy is a waste of resources that invested in weaker sections of the society, which supposed to be invested in long-run productions instead (Chang, 2002). However, Mkandawire (2007) argued that the social policy significantly influences on economy and society, therefore it is a crucial in development. Furthermore, he stated that the social policy has number of roles, such as redistributive impacts on economy, protective functions on people from vagaries changes, and reproduction of society to enhance the further development.
The paper will define the various roles of social policy as Mkandawire referred. The aim of this study is to distinguish
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For instance, bureaucratic elites in Botswana have power and huge influences on social policies where external agencies and non-governmental organizations are fragmented and uncoordinated with government in social policy agendas (Mwansa et al., 1998). However, Midgley James (1999) argued that redistributive institutions should not be unconditionally serving for needs of anonymous strangers, indeed it must have desirable goals that contribute economic growth as income of economic growth contributes the social policies. He, also, stated that the welfare approach of redistribution is a resource generation by economic growth must be allocated to society through social enterprises. For instance, the Finland mobilised their incomes after WWII combining both social and industrial policies in industrialisation of the country’s electrification (Jantti and Vartiainen, 2009).
Furthermore, Mkandawire (2007) referred that the redistribution of income impacts rates and patterns of accumulation, social cohesion and political stability that are essential for a nation’s social capability[4]. Main idea is that the equal redistribution of income expands the size of middle class in the economy. Abromovitz[2] (2001) also mentioned that many countries in the second half of the 20th century failed to redistribute resources in a compassion and charity ways rather than economic rewards
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