Definition And Features Of The Learning Theories

1332 Words May 17th, 2016 6 Pages
Learning is a multifaceted perception unique to each individual. In looking to address the intricacies of learning, there have been a multitude of learning theories established over the centuries. To this day new theories are developed and traditional theories continue to be developed and expanded upon. (Swinburne Online, 2016) This paper will draw on information to explore the definitions and features of the learning theories constructivism and behaviourism. Whilst exploring the solid benefits for learning and the learner and then moving onto the challenges and restrictions of both theories will be considered. Examining the distinctive aspects of the theories, this paper will conclude whether one theory or the blend of both theories is best when addressing the intricacies of an individual’s education.
This paper will critically examine the two major learning theories; constructivism and behaviourism. These are theories that have been contributed to by many theorists across several hundred years. Pavlov, Watson, Watson and Rayner, Thorndike, Skinner and Bandura have shaped behaviourism. Piaget, Dewey, Vygotsky and Bruner have adjusted constructivism theory.

“Behaviorism is predominantly concerned with evident and measurable aspects of human behavior. In defining behaviour, behaviourist-learning theories emphasise changes in behavior that result from stimulus-response links made by the learner. Behaviour is directed by stimuli. An individual selects one response instead…
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