Definition And Scope Of Nursing Burnout

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Definition & Scope Hill (2015) identified burnout as “ a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job” (p. 522). Kelly, Runge, and Spencer (2015) then further break down compassion fatigue as a combination of both burnout and secondary traumatic stress, where secondary traumatic stress is being referred to as the result of anxiety, pressure and an overall negative feeling of having to care of patients who have gone through a traumatic episode. Hunsaker et al., (2014) then identified compassion fatigue as “a negative consequence of working with traumatized individuals and is emotional, physical, and spiritual exhausting from witnessing and absorbing the problems and suffering of others” (p.187). Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center conducted a study in which 44% of the oncology nurse reported some sort of burnout (Henry, 2013). When a nurse is experiencing a high amount of burnout or fatigue, it is safe to say that patient safety is going to be impacted. Nursing burnout is composed of various factors; Nantsupawat (2015) identified poor work environments and low staffing as two of the main factors influencing burnout and fatigue. Wang SS, Lui YH & Wang LL (2013) gave 717 nurses a questionnaire that focused on the factors influencing nursing burnout; the study revealed that the “participants had a moderate level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and a very low level of personal accomplishment” (p. 81). This then developed the
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