Definition Of Differential Association Theory

917 WordsMar 5, 20164 Pages
Differential Association In Edwin Sutherland theory has been around for over 30 years which is one of the most popular theories that there is in criminal behaviors. The differential association theory is considered to be one of the most and best formulation of theory of criminality, holds, in essence, that criminality in learned interactions from others through a way of communication (Cressey, 1954). Sutherland he explains how individual behaviors are learned behaviors and that people are not born to be criminals. With this theory Sutherland state that the learning process has the same mechanisms regardless if a person is learning criminality or conformity they are learning something from someone. This is true when people go to school they are learning new things from a teacher same thing applies to learning to be a criminal. People do not just commit crimes or know what to do they watch others around them and the environment that they live in to teach them certain behaviors. This theory came about when Shaw and McKay discussed the Chicago school theory and how in certain neighborhoods and community crime rates were so high for different reason resulting in criminal activity. This is the result of the lack of social organization in a neighborhood and community. This will be similar to Shaw and McKay social disorganization theory however, Sutherland has put this in a certain way to where he explain how the individuals become delinquent. Edwin Sutherland used his theory in
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