Definition Of Division Of Labor By Emile Durkheim

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Starvos Karageorgis Sociology 368 07 Oct 2017 Social Solidarity In this essay, we will talk about the French Sociologist Emile Durkheim and one of his theories. Emile Durkheim was born in 1858 in the city of Lorraine and is the architect of modern social science. One of Durkheim’s main theories was social solidarity, which is the cohesion of social groups. In Durkheim’s first major work The Division of Labor in Society Durkheim explained “how the division of labor (or economic specialization) characteristic of modern societies affects individuals as well as society as a whole” (pg. 110 Edies). Durkheim wanted to understand what held individuals and social groups together, he figured that if individuals or social groups did not have solidarity and moral cohesion then a society would not be able to exist. First, we will talk about the division of labor, Durkheim “argued that that economic specialization was not necessarily bad for either the individual or the society as a whole” (pg. 110 ) because an extensive division of labor could exist and not harm the moral cohesion of a society or the individual. The Division of labor is a continuous element in the process of social development; it grows depending on the population of the society. The division of labor is a break up of jobs between different classes in a society, some of these jobs are specialized jobs that people occupy based on their abilities and training, hence, the division of labor continues to evolve and help

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