Deforestation In Hispaniola

Decent Essays
Studies show that tropical forests absorb almost two billion tons of carbon each year, equivalent to 1/5th of the world's carbon emissions, by storing it in their bark, leaves and soil. However, an equivalent amount is lost through logging, clearing of land for grazing, and growing biofuel crops such as palm oil, soya bean and sugar. Peat fires in forests add significantly to the greenhouse gas emissions. (Greenhouse, 2014) For decades, millions of hectares of forest have been cleared with various motives in mind. Two countries that have suffered greatly are Haiti, located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, and Indonesia, an archipelago island country in Southeast Asia. This report will discuss the omnipresent environmental problem these countries endure, the reasoning and rational behind these decisions, and the impacts and consequences these actions face. According to the last report from the International Panel on Climate Change, tropical deforestation is…show more content…
The consequences of deforestation are becoming more drastic each year. Historically, deforestation has been the most rapid in the Caribbean. Figure 1 shows the decrease in forest cover in Haiti from 1990 thru 2005. The total change in land cover between 1990 and 2005 was -9.48%. Severe environmental problems have been among the roots of Haiti’s social, economic and even political crises. Haiti is catastrophically deforested, topsoil has been eroded, and there are zones of galloping desertification. Beginning in about 1954, concessionaires stepped up their logging operations, in response to Port-au-Prince's intensified demand for charcoal, thus accelerating deforestation, which had already become a problem because of environmentally unsound agricultural practices, rapid population growth, and increased competition over scarce land. (Williams,
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