Deforestation In The Amazon Rainforest Essay

970 Words 4 Pages
Introduction:
Deforestation is the clearing of a forest and/or cutting down of trees for human benefits such as agriculture, wood exports, etc. Deforestation is the cause of numerous environmental impacts such as habitat loss, flooding and soil erosion. It can also cause climate change, by reducing the amount of rainfall and changing the amount of sunlight reflected from Earth’s surface and increases the risk of forest . Tree growth is important for biodiversity because they absorb carbon dioxide which is a harmful greenhouse gas . However, since deforestation reduces natural carbon sinks, it disrupts the balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide in the air causing the amount of carbon dioxide in the air to increase. This poses a serious
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In whichever case, the land would take years to grow back to being what it was. Therefore, the amount of trees cut by deforestation is still greater than the amount of trees regrown by reforestation and thus effecting Amazon’s plant biodiversity. A prediction by the World Wildlife Organization states that by 2030, 55% of the Amazon’s Rainforest could vanish if current deforestation rates are maintained . Meaning half of its plant biodiversity could be gone by that time. Deforestation not only harms plant biodiversity it also harms the animals. Many living organisms are very sensitive to their environmental changes. The loss of their own niches would compel them to join other organisms in their niche. In this case the organisms who lost their niche would act as the invasive species and depending on other climatic or ecological factors these two species would cease to coexist. One of these two species might go extinct due to competitive exclusion or, as Darwin’s theory implies, survival of the fittest.

Con arguments:
Marc Morano, a correspondent for the TV magazine, American Investigator, states that,
“The claim that the rain forests are being destroyed "at a rate of 20 football fields a minute" is false . In addition, claims that the Amazon serves as the "lungs of the earth" and that over "450 species" are
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