Delayed English Literacy Report

Decent Essays
Reading is the process in which the reader constructs meaning from print. However, in order to achieve comprehension, a reader must have world knowledge, vocabulary, phonic skills, and fluency. Notably, children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) experience difficulty reaching comprehension because of delays in language. Delayed language is an issue because successful reading hinges on the language skills of the reader. The delayed language skills of students who are DHH impact all of the literacy processes. Children who are DHH lack both world knowledge and vocabulary because they do not learn incidentally. First, world knowledge is increased when mediation occurs between a child and their surrounding environment. However, because children who are DHH have less opportunities to learn incidentally, they miss out on crucial information. As a result, these children bring less experience to the text and their ability to draw knowledge-based inferences within a text is affected because of their lack of world knowledge. In terms of vocabulary, DHH students have lower lexicons than their hearing peers and may only hold a surface knowledge of concepts. The deficits of both quantity and quality of vocabulary words are further compounded by their decreased exposure to multiple-meanings…show more content…
First, there’s no guarantee that these children hear the differences between the sounds within words because they use hearing devices. Additionally, a possibility exists that DHH children can correctly decode unknown words but they lack comprehension of the text. Thus, a child may appear to be fluent because they are word-calling. An important note is that in order for a child to be fluent, they must have both background knowledge and vocabulary. Without this information, fluency cannot be truly achieved. This is problematic because in order to achieve comprehension, a reader must also be
Get Access