Delayed-Onset DOMS

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Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is muscle soreness secondary to exercise, characterized by increasing pain or discomfort during subsequent 24 -72 hours, and subsiding within few days (Elsevier 2009). This was often associated with athletes and coaches where they usually lead to detrimental to their performance and recovery after activities. Although its physiological mechanism has not yet determine, it may relate to primary mechanical damage that may happen to muscle cells during exercise. Because of its transient nature (peak soreness 24 to 72 hours and resolution of symptoms within 5 – 7 days) experimentally induced delayed-onset muscle is used as a model of myogenic pain to study the effects of different therapeutic modalities. Due to a
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Such strategies include: massage, stretching, and anti-inflammatory medications. Studies to date have demonstrated different and mixed results of these treatments on delayed-onset muscle soreness, mostly with minimal analgesic effects, and inconsistent effects on strength, joint range and CK levels.
Over the past decades cryotherapy has been as a strategy in the management of delayed-onset muscle soreness. Cryotherapy is a medical treatment in which all or part of the body is subjected to cold temperature such as ice packs. (Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition). One of the techniques of cryotherapy that have been used is the ice immersion. Ice immersion is a technique for administering therapeutic cold treatments to the distal extremities (e.g., the ankle or hand) with a mixture of water and crushed, flaked, or cubed ice with a temperature range 50̊ to 60̊ F (10̊ - 15̊ C). (Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners). After exercise or training, athletes
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