Deliberate practice is a type of learning that requires a focused effort to improve importance. It is a long process, but it is found to be more effective than just relying on memorization, or automaticity. It’s a type of learning that can help anyone refine their skills, or learn new tasks. There are several steps one needs to take to learn deliberate practice effectively. These steps are similar to those of self-regulated learning. “Self-regulation refers to self-generated thoughts, feelings and actions that are strategically planned and adapted to the attainment of personal goals” (Zimmerman 2000, 2006).
“A theory of general psychology that states the differences between expert performers and normal adults reflect a life-long period of deliberate effort to improve performance in a specific domain. (Ericsson, K. A).”
A man most people know for his incredible but challenging basketball career, Michael Jordan, once said when giving tips on how to be successful like himself, “You can practice shooting eight hours a day, but if your technique is wrong, then all you become is very good at shooting the wrong way. Get the fundamentals down and the levels of everything you do will rise. I’m not out there sweating for three hours every day just to find out what it feels like to sweat.” Although some may disagree and say that quality practices do not go hand in hand with quantity practice for successful people, I disagree. Successful people practice with a purpose: to be successful. Bill Gates had intentions of becoming successful when spending endless hours in the computer lab. The Beatles always had it in their plans to become better each performance when they would play eight hours a day in Germany. Based on evidence, it seems to be a pattern that a successful individual does have both a practice of quality and quantity in their vocabulary to mean the same thing. These individuals have therefore taught themselves hard work, because this idea of 10,000 hours of practice has allowed them to learn how to work for what they
The main feature of PALS is combining theory with practice. Learning by doing is one of the primary forces of evolution. Even the most primitive creatures like dinosaurs learn their living skills such as haunting and fighting from their own experience, let alone advanced creatures like human-beings (Mike, 2011). After loads of practices, we can carry on with good methods and refrain from bad methods. And that’s why PALS attach great importance on practice. Successful training must be generalized to the job condition and maintained for a period of time (James Coloma, 2010). The factors influencing the transfer of training include training design factors like whether it is didactic-oriented or experiential-oriented in the program, as well as work environment factors like supervisory and peer support, and constraints and chances of perform learned skills in the job context (Harvey, 2010). PALS did well in increase the rate of transfer of training, encouraging all members to put up with questions and present their studying. Students are greatly inspired in the process.
Gladwell’s 10,000 Hour Rule is also an important element in a success story. Bill Gates, the Beatles, and Joe Flom all spent years practicing their trades. Correspondingly, the 10,000 Hour Rule says that expertise in a subject is a product of 10,000 hours of practice. In order to do well in something one must take one’s time to master it. Essentially, practice makes perfect.
Despite Gladwell’s many different theories of success, his claim that expertise comes with 10,000 hours of practice is not an accurate example of the complexity of success. Gladwell argues in Outliers that if everyone had the opportunity of time practicing, more people could become experts. Yet, the ‘10,000 Rule’ is not true from person to person. According to Dr. Fiona McQuarrie, 10,000 hours was only the average of the group that is considered to be experts, not necessarily the accumulated total of each person. One person can be an expert with less practice time than another. She states in her blog, “...the best violinist and the best pianists had accumulated an average of 7,410 hours and 7,606 hours of practice time respectively.” (McQuarrie)
Ericsson and Charness (1994, p. 525), postulated that, “Recent research has shown that expert performance is predominantly mediated by acquired complex skills and physiological adaptations.” Attaining expertise is achieved through the development of skills and comprises three stages which are the cognitive, associative, and the autonomous.
Building upon the previous chapter, we begin to understand how all the right ingredients for achievement and success can be present, and yet they may never happen without a stroke of luck. Becoming an expert at some skill is earned by putting in hard work across several hours, approximately 10,000 hours. Being born in the right year, or time
Hambrick’s prior studies, discovered the capacity of the working memory, which is how much information you can hold. This represents 7% of the variation while playing piano and sight reading. . “Practice, of course, is important, but is it what separates the best from rest? This is evidence that general ability factors are at least part of it,” he
Think of something you are passionate about. Is it a skill that you are able to push yourself in? People are always told that with enough hard work you could become a master of that skill. Even without natural talent, enough hard work at a skill will eventually build up the ability. By constantly pushing oneself past their limits during practice, they can improve quicker than someone who has the natural ability and doesn’t try. However, skill doesn’t always equal success. As Malcolm Gladwell states in his book The Outliers, luck plays a large role in the ability to obtain the 10,000 hours required to become an expert in a subject. However, many studies and even the researchers of the 10,000 hour study have rejected the rule outright. I disagree with Gladwell that 10,000 hours is required to become a master, and that luck plays a much larger role than he states.
The road to greatness is a long path filled with struggle and time. Based on research by the best-selling author Malcom Gladwell inside his book Outliers popularized the idea of 10,000 hours of guided practice “the magic number of greatness”(Gladwell, 47). With enough practice he said anyone could achieve any work that of a professional. While some say the 10,000 hour rule is the key to success I believe that success is based on genetics, talent, and time period. It is whether one was born with the talent, achieved it later within life or was born during the wrong time period is what makes a master out of someone. Where the 10,000 hour rule is not a truth.
The secret to success is arguably one of the most sought-after pieces of advice worldwide. According to Malcom Gladwell’s book Outliers, the “10,000 hour rule” is a technique that has been practiced by many professionals in their respective areas. However, some authors, such as Jared Sandman and David Bradley, disagree with the notion that 10,000 hours of practice will make you a professional. Both authors present valid points in their respective arguments, yet Sandman’s argument comes across as clearer, more decisive, more down to earth, and therefore more effective. Sandman has credibility as a published author, he is constant with his
She expresses, "There is no doubt that deliberate practice is important, from both a statistical and a theoretical perspective. It is just less important than has been argued." Gladwell tries to significantly exaggerate the importance of practice in his book “Outliers”, and in doing so makes his audience understand a false representation of what is needed in order to attain greatness. His argument leads people to believe that without 10,000 hours of work, a high level of potential isn’t achievable. However, in Frans Johansson’s book “The Click Moment”, she disproves exactly that. Johansson recognizes how training and repetition will have a huge impact in stable fields, or activities that are always the same and look for similar performance from everyone (sports, classical music, etc.). However what she accounts for that Gladwell doesn’t is how practice aids in unstable fields, or activities that are constantly looking for new styles and interpretations to be the best (entrepreneurship, rock music, etc.) . Here creativity and originality shine, and the amount of work doesn’t have as big of an impact as the personal influence that comes more from the individual: not the individual’s custom of
She expresses, "There is no doubt that deliberate practice is important, from both a statistical and a theoretical perspective. It is just less important than has been argued." Gladwell significantly exaggerated the importance of practice in his book “Outliers”, and in doing so makes his audience understand a false representation of how attain greatness. Without any outside context, his argument leads people to believe that without 10,000 hours of work, a high level of potential isn’t achievable; however, in Frans Johansson’s book “The Click Moment”, she disproves exactly that. Johansson recognizes how training and repetition will have a huge impact in stable fields, or activities that are always the same and look for a similar performance from everyone (sports, classical music, etc.); moreover, what she accounts for that Gladwell doesn’t is how practice aids in unstable fields, or activities that are constantly looking for new styles and interpretations to be the best (entrepreneurship, rock music, etc.) . Here creativity and originality shine, and the amount of work doesn’t have as big of an impact as the personal influence that comes more from the individual: not the individual’s custom of
n this psychological non-fiction book, Outliers: The Story of Success, by Malcolm Gladwell, he explains several different strategies and methods to achieve success. He is a firm believer in potential and opportunities; and that making the most of those opportunities is what ensures results. He focuses on time and opportunity as being significant in realizing potential, and believes in the motto “practice makes perfect” and refers to the “10,000-Hr Rule," in ensuring mastery of a skill. Gladwell discusses success, and the driving reasons behind why some people are significantly more successful than others. He also explains this by dividing the book into two parts, opportunity and legacy. Opportunity discusses how select people are fortunate enough to be born between the months of January through March, and also includes the idea that those who are already successful will have more opportunities to improve and become even more successful. The 10,000-hour rule proves the idea that in order to become successful in a certain skill, one must have practiced that skill for at least 10,000 hours. In addition to the 10,000-hour rule, timing is also a major component that implies being in the right place at the right time, which brings the author to discuss Bill Gates who was born during the time where programming and computer technology was emerging, therefore sparking his interest in computers, later bringing him to create Microsoft. Another point Gladwell brings forth is the notion