Dem301 Outcome 1 Essay

2073 WordsFeb 5, 20139 Pages
Unit Dem 301 1. There are many variations of dementia syndrome but there are certain causes that are more common. These are: Alzheimer’s: Scientists know that during Alzheimer’s two abnormal proteins build in the brain. They form clumps called either ‘plaques’ or ‘tangles’. These plaques and tangles interfere with how brain cells work and communicate with each other. The plaques are usually first seen in the area of the brain that makes new memories. A lot of research is focused on finding ways to stop these proteins in their tracks and protect brain cells from harm. Early Onset Dementia: is the term used to describe Alzheimer’s which develops before the age of 65 years. It accounts for around 5% of all cases of Alzheimer’s disease.…show more content…
* Sometimes people with dementia do not feel there is anything wrong with them. They may become cross when people try to help. Carers often comment that people with Alzheimer’s show subtle changes to their personality. For example they might behave or react differently to how they did before they became ill. * It is common to suffer from mood swings or to feel depressed. * Some people have episodes of confusion and may be aggressive or distressed. * Others may experience hallucinations Including vivid visual hallucinations of people or animals * Sometimes there are physical problems, for example difficulties with walking or incontinence * Difficulty planning tasks. * The level of confusion can vary during the course of the day. * They may also have a tremor, muscle stiffness, falls or difficulty with walking. 3. People suffering from dementia often have problems processing information; this is due to chemical reactions that usually take place in the brain, no longer happening due to the damage of the neurons. Therefore the neurons are not able to produce or transmit important chemicals which are required for the person to function properly. Some of these chemicals are: Dopamine: This chemical controls body movements. Lack of dopamine means you will no longer be able to control your movements very well. Dopamine also controls the transportation of information

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