This paper will look at the impact of Affordable Care Act on supply and demand in healthcare. The goal is to show if there is equilibrium of supply and demand since the Affordable Care Act was enacted. This has been done by looking at a variety of articles such as The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Health Care Workforce. The Affordable Care Act has created provisions to address some of the supply shortages. Through the provision it will take time for the full effects to come to light. This paper will provide valuable information regarding the Affordable Care Act impact on supply and demand.
The concept of supply and demand has been around for hundreds, if not thousands of years. It is one of the most crucial concepts in both macroeconomic and microeconomic arenas. What is comes down to is, the price and quantity demanded go hand-in-hand and the price and quantity supplied are directly related. If anyone is to understand market behavior of individual consumers and the decision making processes of businesses and consumers, then they need to understand how fundamentally important microeconomics is.
Economists have created a theory of demand which states the following. Demand curve has a downward slopping which shows the relation between price and quantity while all other factors are equal. At higher prices the demand will decrease, while at lower prices demand will increase.
Supply and demand lies in the heart and soul of economics. The concept is perhaps the single most driving force in an economy, specifically a capitalist economy. Supply and demand is based on two concepts: The law of demand and the law of supply. The law of demand states that the demand of a product rises as its price falls, therefore the demand of a product falls as its price rises. A good example of this occurs in grocery stores. If the price of a case of Coca-cola drops from $6.99 to $2.99 the demand for the product will rise because more people are willing to pay $2.99 rather than $6.99. Not only will typical consumer of Coca-cola purchase more but consumers who are not normally willing to pay $6.99 will make the purchase. Substitution also plays a role in the equation. Substitution occurs when consumers substitute one good for another based on price levels. In the Coca-cola scenario, some Pepsi drinkers will purchase the Coca-cola given the case of Pepsi is price higher.
Demand refers to the quantity of products people are willing and able to purchase during some specific time period, all other relevant factors being held constant. Price and quantity demanded stand in a negative (inverse) relationship: as price rises, consumers buy fewer units; and as price falls, consumers buy more units (Stone 75).
Supply and demand concepts are all around us. Take for example a shoe factory. From a macroeconomic perspective everybody needs shoes. This type of product is a necessary and not a luxury product. So, there will always be a higher demand of shoes. The company will always try to find the best price to sell the shoes so that the demand increases. The price of shoes is also determined by the production cost of the shoe since it needs to be higher than it. Producing the shoes does not only depend on the company itself but on other macroeconomic indicators. For example, if oil prices increase, the company will need to increase the price of the shoes since it would cost more to pay the suppliers for delivering the materials needed in the production process. Also, as the law of supply says, when supply increases, the price increases. If the supply
Supply and demand regulate the amount of each good produced and the price at which it is sold. It is the conduct of individuals as they work together with one another in aggressive markets. “A market is a group of buyers and sellers of a particular good or service. The buyers, as a group, determine the demand for the product, and the sellers, as a group,
The market price of a good is determined by both the supply and demand for it. In the world today supply and demand is perhaps one of the most fundamental principles that exists for economics and the backbone of a market economy. Supply is represented by how much the market can offer. The quantity supplied refers to the amount of a certain good that producers are willing to supply for a certain demand price. What determines this interconnection is how much of a good or service is supplied to the market or otherwise known as the supply relationship or supply schedule which is graphically represented by the supply curve. In demand the schedule is depicted graphically as the demand curve which represents the
The demand for an item can depend on various factors as I mentioned earlier. There is a terminology that we use to describe the willingness of a buyer to spend a certain dollar amount on the demand of his choice. The price of a good has a correlation with the quantity that is being demanded. For example, if a Starbucks cup of coffee costs $2, 100 buyers will spend money on coffee every morning, but if the price of the coffee goes up to $4, then only 45 buyers will be willing to purchase that cup of coffee every morning. Not only can the price for the cup of coffee can go up, but it can also go down, another example would be if the price drops to $1, the demand for coffee will now come from 160 buyers versus the 100 buyers that were willing to pay $2 for their coffee; this would be classified as
There is a high demand for health care services, supply, the price of health care procedures, and shortages. The price for health care services can be very high because the demand is high. There was recently a health care reform. Meaning, that health care insurance is more affordable. Giving consumers that need extensive health care services, affordable insurance will bring the demand for health care to increase. With more consumers seeking health care services we have to increase our supply of doctors, nurses, and hospital services including procedures and testing. But is that possible or even realistic? The purpose of this paper is to analyze the supply and demand of health care.
Demand is defined as the amount of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to purchase (Hubbard &
Supply and demand is a fundamental element of economics; it is the main support system of a market economy. Demand can be interpreted by the quantity of a product or service a consumer is desired to acquire at a given time period. Quantity demanded is the amount of product consumers are willing to purchase at a given price; the relationship between price and quantity demanded is commonly known as the demand relationship. Supply however, accounts for how much a market produces for consumers. The quantity supplied refers to the actual amount of a certain good firms are willing to supply to consumers when receiving a certain price. Having limited resources we all have to
Understanding the fundamental concepts of economics allows us to analyze laws that have a direct bearing on the economy. These laws and theories are essentially the backbone of how economics is used and studied. The law of demand can be expressed by stating that as long as all other factors remain constant, as prices rise, the quantity of demand for that product falls. Conversely, as the price falls, the quantity of demand for that product rises (Colander, 2006, p 91). Price is the tool used that controls how much consumers want based on how much they demand. At any given price a certain quantity of a product is demanded by consumers. As the price decreases, the quantity of the products demanded will increase. This indicates that more individuals demand the good or service as the price is lowered. This can be illustrated using the demand curve. The demand curve is a downward sloping line that illustrates the inversely related relationship of price and quantity demanded.
Earlier I stated that economics is concerned with consumption and production. We can look at it in the terms of demand and supply. It is simply the quantity of a good buyers wish to purchase at each conceivable price. Three factors determine demand:
Supply and demand is perhaps one of the most fundamental concepts of economics and it is the backbone of a market economy. Demand refers to how much (quantity) of a product or service is desired by buyers. The quantity demanded is the amount of a product people are willing to buy at a certain price; the relationship between price and quantity demanded is known as the demand relationship. Supply represents how much the market can offer. The quantity supplied refers to the amount of a certain good producers are willing to supply when receiving a certain price. The correlation between price and how much of a good or service is supplied to the market is known as the supply relationship. Price, therefore, is a reflection of supply and demand.