Dementia Awareness

1508 Words Jun 8th, 2015 7 Pages
NVQ Level 2 Health and Social Care
Katarzyna Nowaczewska
Ace Homecare 2015

Unit 13
Dementia Awareness

1. Understand what dementia is
1.1 Explain what mean by the term "dementia"
The word dementia describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases, such as Alzheimer 's disease or a series of strokes.
1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are - affected by dementia
The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are:










Frontal lobe - movement, emotional behaviour, personality, interpretation and feeling, Parietal lobe -
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3.2 Describe the likely signs and symptoms of the most common causes of dementia
Alzheimer’s disease - difficulties with remembering, using language to speak becomes more difficult, thinking and making decisions becomes harder as the person becomes more confused.
Lewy body dementia - the physical symptoms include can cause the person’s movements to slow down and can make them more likely to have trips and falls. There will be memory loss, difficulties with using language and making decisions.
Hallucinations, double vision and problems with balance are also common.
Vascular dementia - difficulties with speaking and using the right language, the person’s balance and co-ordination can be affected as well as memory loss.
Fronto-temporal dementia - difficulties with language, behaviour and feelings. The person might have mood swings and variable and inappropriate behaviour.
3.3 Outline the risk factors for the most common causes of dementia
The risk factors include :




family members with this condition means in terms of the genes that there is more chance of developing dementia, person which has high blood pressure which can cause a stroke then this will be another risk factor, unhealthy lifestyle such as smoking, lack of exercise and eating food high in cholesterol can lead to an increase in risk of having a stroke,



person with medical condition such as Huntingdon’s disease as dementia occurs in most cases.

3.4 Identify
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