Democracy and Political Culture in Bangladesh.

5176 Words Jun 11th, 2010 21 Pages
Table of Index

Introduction 2

Democracy: Concept 2

Basic Principles or Requisites of Democracy: 3

1. Liberty: 3 2. Equality: 3 3. Fraternity: 3 4. The people as ultimate source of sovereignty: 3 5. Fundamental rights to the people: 4 6. Independence of Judiciary: 4 7. The people are considered as an end and State as the means in a democracy: 4

Politics: 4

Political Democracy: 4

Objectives of the study: 6

a) Broad objectives 6 b) Specific objectives: 6

Political Democracy in Bangladesh: An overview 6

Bangladesh: a democracy in crisis 8

Democracy vs. Corruption 8 Security vs. economic progress 9 Impunity vs. the rule of law 10

Present features of Bangladesh Democracy: 10

1) Lack of
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In brief, we can say that democracy is that form of government in which the sovereign power of the state is in the hands of the people and people are the source of the state power and the people take part in the government directly or through their representatives. Lastly, we can say that democracy is the government of the majority and the majority safeguards the interests of the people. In this form of government, the interests of minorities are not ignored.

Basic Principles or Requisites of Democracy:

1. Liberty: The main basis of democracy is liberty and equality. The people enjoy maximum liberty and equality because criticism of the people is not only tolerated in this system, but it is also encouraged. In Great Britain, the government pays the leader of the opposition and the Prime Minister consults him in national emergency. For example, when south Rhodesia threatened to declare the freedom unilaterally and when later on it declared its freedom; the British Prime Minister consulted the leaders of the Conservative Party and Liberal Party. When Pakistan invaded India during August-September, 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri consulted the leaders of Opposition parties. The late Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri conferred with the leaders of the Opposition Prime parties before leaving for Tashkant for talks with President Ayub Khan of Pakistan of January 5, 1966. In Monarchies, Dictatorships, Aristocracies and Oligarchies the
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