Democratization Of The Middle East : A Case Study Of Tunisia And Egypt Essay

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Democratization in the Middle East: A Case Study of Tunisia and Egypt

Antoine EL Tayah
POLI 207 AC: Political Research, Dr. Richard Bisaillon and TA, Antwi Boasiako
Friday, 18th November, 2016

In December 2010, the Arab Spring began and created a collective popular movement to takedown authoritarian figures for more viable options. This paper poses the question: Why did the Democratization process differ between Tunisia and Egypt? The popular uprisings in the Middle-East had different effects on their governments mostly because of the difference in the democratization process.
By looking at the fundamentals to a politically sound and progressive government, we can see where they place in terms of benefitting the people and moving forward from the old authoritarian regimes. The Rule of Law, the populations’ Freedoms and also their ability to keep good-governance in time of political transition will be examined in order to determine the steps towards a politically stability.

Argument: The question is then why did the Arab Spring yield an overall functioning democracy in Tunisia, but a flawed undemocratic regime in Egypt? The Democratization process that Tunisia and Egypt took gave them different thinking as to how the countries should run. Huntington’s (1991) definition of the Third Wave of Democracy in the late 20th century, he defines democratization as a “transition from non-democratic to democratic regimes that occur within a specific

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