Deng Xiaoping Essay

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Deng Xiaoping


China has a long history with several great leaders, but none of those
leaders have even come close to being as great as Deng Xiaoping. Deng Xiaoping
was a loyal communist who sacrificed his own life so his people could have a
better one. During his long political career, he served as a Communist
politcommissar of the 129th Division (Liu-Deng Army) from 1929 to 1949. As
politcommissar, he bravely and successfully fought the Nationalists. In 1945,
he was elected to the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. He
became a member of the Politburo in 1955 and ever since that year, he has been
an invaluable member of the party.
Depending on your personality or view, you may come to conclude that
Deng Xiaoping
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However, most of what happens to China during that
period should be credited to Mao Tse-tung because he decided what policies to
use and not to use. This however does not mean that Mao made good decisions.
Several times during the 1960s and 1970s, Deng Xiaoping and Mao Tse-
tung started to disagree on how to run the country. The reason is that Mao Tse-
tung started to become interested only in maintaining his own power. However,
Deng Xiaoping, truly cared about the welfare of the people in his country.
The first disagreement between Deng Xiaoping and Mao Tse-tung occurred
in 1962. Mao proposed a plan called, "The Ten Points." This agricultural plan
was an extension of the commune system. It disregarded the negative experiences
the people had at the communes. The main purpose of this plan was to keep all
the people in the same class. Deng Xiaoping and his supporters within the party
disagreed with this plan. Therefore, they proposed an alternative plan called,
"The Ten Further Points." This plan gave the peasants more freedom to grow
crops and more freedom in politics. Mao did not like this and began to feel
paranoid. He believed everyone in the party was against him. As a result, he
launched the Cultural Revolution that led to the downfall of several Chinese
leaders including Deng Xiaoping.
Deng Xiaoping eventually rose back to power (he had two more downfalls
but regained power both times too). He never really opposed Mao again until his
death in…