Dental Anxiety And Body’S Physiology. When An Individual

997 WordsApr 28, 20174 Pages
Dental anxiety and body’s physiology When an individual experienced anxiety, the body reacts through changes in the biological system. In the study of Nigam et al (2013), there is no statistically significant correlation was found between general anxiety and dental anxiety and general anxiety and pulse rate but highly significant positive correlation was found between dental anxiety and pulse rate. There is an impact change in pulse rate when the source of an individual’s anxiety is of dental origin. Blood pressure and pulse rate has a direct correlation during anxiety producing dental situations (Rayen et al, 2006). It is possible that when the patient anticipates injection, it provides sympathetic stimulation and catecholamine release…show more content…
al.,2012). Recently, the use of pulse oximeters has found increasing use in dental research concerning pediatric behavior in dental set-up (Guinot et. al., 2011). Patients with dental anxiety The assessment of dental anxiety before dental treatment will help the dentist to facilitate proper strategy for anxiety management. Higher levels of dental anxiety were also more likely exhibited by individuals with higher levels of self-consciousness. Moreover, the DAS (Dental Anxiety Scale) validity is supported by many studies and it is used to determine individual’s level of anxiety. Individuals who exhibited high dental anxiety were worse patients because they have a negative perception of treatment (Economou, 2003). In chronological order, Pinkham (2005) suggested the six critical points of the dental appointment namely: (a) Child meets the dentist, (b) Child is seated in the dental chair, (c) Dentist is seated in the chair, (d) Administration of local anesthesia, (e) During the restorative procedure, and (f) at the end of the appointment. These have been widely used and accepted as a practical tool for the assessment of fear. The study of Shindova and Belcheva (2013) on 6-12 years old children found out that the time of the clinical oral examination itself is the most anxiety provoking situation in comparison to the child‘s anxiety in the waiting room, before and after the examination.

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