Dental Caries And Its Effects

1715 Words Dec 4th, 2016 7 Pages
Introduction
Dental Caries is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases that affects people worldwide and has been given many definitions in the literature. It is an infectious bacterial disease that has plagued humans since the beginning of recorded history. Dental caries is the technical term used by healthcare and dental professionals to describe the disease more commonly known as ‘tooth decay’. It is the localized destruction of a susceptible tooth surface by the action of bacteria on sugars in a person’s diet with the production of acidic by-products over a long period of time. Dental caries is a complex, preventable and, at the initial stages, reversible disease caused by a number of disease promoting factors operating simultaneously on a vulnerable tooth site. The tooth is unique as it is the only part of the body which is not affected by changes in metabolism. [2[ Tooth enamel is considered to be the hardest of all structures in the body and essentially indestructible. But when subjected to microbial infections and acid production in a favorable environment, tooth enamel is prone to destruction.
Modern studies have revealed that Caries is a disease process that is chronic in nature, ranging from subclinical subsurface changes to more advanced, clinically detectable subsurface caries. The more advanced lesions involve both micro and macroscopic cavitation of the tooth enamel followed by significant involvement of the dentin [1} and cementum and eventually the pulp…
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