Essay on Deontologial Theory

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ETHICS Deontological Theory Historically ethics was studied from a philosophical aspect and viewed as the science of morals. Ethics had been defined as the principles of moral conduct that govern our behavior. Our ethical behavior is developed from various factors, to include our environment, family and beliefs. The origins of ethics can be traced back to the fifth century, BC ( Banner, 1968, pg.67). Plato, Socrates and Aristotle are among the early teachers of ethics.      These teachers along with many other philosophers developed and taught numerous ethical theories based on their beliefs. Ethical theories that have evolved through the years include, but are not limited to:…show more content…
Proponents of deontological ethics do not consider consequences as important when determining whether an individual is moral or immoral. Morality is based solely on the person’s action. Several ethical theories are deontological theories. 1.     Immanuel Kant’s Duty/ Good Will Theory: This theory is a non-consequential theory because morality is based on duty and moral obligation. If one acts on the bases of duty than he/she is a moral individual, regardless of the consequences of his or her behavior. 2.     Divine Command Theory: This theory is categorized as a deontological theory because the premises is that there is a God and one set of divine rules. If an individual adheres to the divine rules than he/she is morally and ethically correct, regardless of the consequences of his/her actions. 3.     Sir William David Ross’ Prima Facie Duties Theory: Ross believed that it was important to consider consequences when faced with a moral dilemma However, like Kant, he did not believe that consequences were the sole determination as to whether an action was right or wrong. Ross’ theory is considered a deontological theory because he believed that there is a set of rules that all people must obey in order to meet their moral obligations, regardless of the consequences.
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