Essay on Department of Homeland Security

1561 Words Dec 21st, 2011 7 Pages
The Establishment of the Department of Homeland Security as Established by the Homeland Security Act of 2002
An Analysis and Report

Zachary Stackhouse
Political Science 101: Introduction
October 24, 2011

Introduction

On September 11th, 2001, The United States of America and the rest of the world stared and watched as the first and then second tower of the World Trade Center in New York came under attack by terrorists. At 8:46 am, American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower. At 9:03 am, the South Tower was struck by another airliner. These were the first two of four terrorist attacks to occur on the fateful September day. At 9:37 am, the third plane would fly into the Pentagon. At 10:03 am, the final terrorist
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Backing on the bill came primarily from the Republicans despite strong support within the Democratic Party. Of the votes against, between both houses of Congress, only 7 votes were from Republicans. On November 25, 2002, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 was signed into law by President Bush and established the Department of Homeland Security.
Theory Summary State-centered theory emphasizes how the government functions in terms of civil society. State-centered theory holds that the government will make political society to an extent no matter of the way power is distributed among different groups in society such as classes or other groups. This paper will attempt to show that state-centered theory was behind the passing of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and the establishment of the Department of Homeland Security based upon three hypotheses stemming from state-centered theory. The first is this: if President Bush has an interest in the issue of establishing a Department of Homeland Security, then he will use his influence to affect the policy regarding the establishment of such a Department. Secondly, the hypotheses continue: If President Bush has a personal agenda, then he will use his influence too affect the establishment of a Department of Homeland Security. The third and final hypothesis is this: If many members of Congress and/ or President Bush compete to affect the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and the establishment of the Department of