Depiction of Imperialism in 'Avatar'

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The Dictionary of Human Geography (2009) defines imperialism as "an unequal human and territorial relationship, usually in the form of an empire, based on ideas of superiority and practices of dominance, and involving the extension of authority and control of one state or people over another" (p. 373). In the socio-political sphere, the Age of Imperialism lasted from about 1870 until World War II, however, this theme had a major impact on literature and in film, as can be seen in James Cameron's Avatar (2009). Major imperialistic themes found in Avatar (2009), which greatly influences the narrative of the film, are industrialization, expansionism, and racism, or in the film's case, speciesism, coupled with Social Darwinism. Industrialization creates a need for the attainment of resources to allow continued industrial production. In Avatar (2009), industrialization on Earth has led to the depletion of natural resources on the planet. This depletion of natural resources forces humans to other planets and ecosystems to replenish the resources that have been lost. In Avatar (2009), humans look to Pandora as a place where they can mine Unobtanium and meet the demand for the resource or its properties on Earth. Expansionism is a direct consequence of looking for and obtaining resources from a foreign source. Expansionism serves two purposes: demonstrating power and allows for the attainment of resources. As a means of demonstrating power, expansionism allows a nation to add

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