Major depression is a commonly diagnosed psychological disorder affecting individuals’ ability to feel happiness and peace of mind. Those who suffer experience negative emotions, lack of motivation, changes in behaviour and dysfunctional cognitive symptoms. Depression is classified by the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5) as five of more of the listed symptoms present persistently over the same two weeks. One of these symptoms must be depressed mood or loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities. Depression causes disruption to typical daily life such as inability to maintain friendships and jobs. Other symptoms outlined by the DSM-5 include; insomnia, fatigue and recurrent thoughts of death. There is much debate over what exactly causes depression. Biological explanations question hereditary and neurotransmitter factors. While psychological theories include the cognitive ideas of Beck’s negative triad and hopelessness theory. This essay will focus on the ways in which psychological and biological explanations contrast and how their theories can overlap to better understand depression.
Metal Disorders and Effects in Hippocampus Cristian Zapata English Composition County College of Morris Among the general population, depression is common and can possibly affect all ages. Metal disorder like depression affects the person living condition, affects the hippocampus, and it have different ways that can be treated. Depression permits the feelings of
Exploring Psychology, the text book decribe mood disorders such as major depressive disorder as a sickness. Much like how a person would be diagnosed with any other disease. Like Czechs study, It describes how and why our bodies correspond to mental illness and explains how thoughts and feelings can be explained through the biopsychosocial approach. Module 39: Basic Concepts of Psychological Disorders and Mood Disorders, in particular, discusses how different cultures have different stressors, as well as the genetic factors behind why people become depressed. It confirms that depression and schizophrenia are common disorders in many countries globally (Psychology 2013). This article informs readers that depression is a full body disorder and not an imaginary one. It has miserable physical effects and can be treated which chemicals and medication like many other diseases. Most believe that the depressed should simply “get over” their symptoms and move on but many fail to understand some may need extra help
Depression have become a major problem in our society today. People who haven’t experience depression will not understand how it feel and what it can do to a person. Many people also doesn’t understand what depression is, or how it can related to suicidal ideation. In fact, studies have documented that the majority of young suicide victims had depression at the time of death and most suicide survivors were diagnosed with symptoms of clinical depression at the time of their attempt (Mojs, Biederman, Głowacka, Strzelecki, Ziemska, Samborski 2015). It can affect anyone, from young adolescents to college students to the elderly people. There are many reasons that can make someone have major depression. Such as financial problems, family problems, social problems, school, work, etc. These stressors in our daily life can cause anxiety which can increase our stress level significantly, which then can lead to depression. A research said that anxiety disorder have a high comorbidity with depression and that anxiety occur prior to the onset of depressive disorders in many individuals (Batterham, Christensen, Calear 2013). People who experience depression must find way to cope with depression and know how to get help in order to prevent suicidal ideation. The people surroundings, friends and family, must also find ways to recognize the symptoms of depression, and show understandings in order to help those suffering. This research project will help people understand more about
Drugs are abused every day for reason most of the reasons are for pleasure or increased physical ability.
In addition, the article “ The Chemical Imbalance in Mental Health Problems” written by Carver J. M. recommends that when dopamine rises beyond the brain can process, a person may experience auditory hallucinations. It may be hearing voices, seeing things or combination of both. Initially, our inner thoughts only can be heard inside our body but due to high levels of dopamine these “voices” begin to talk with us known to decrease our self-esteem, makes us to do something, or sexual topics. Besides, hallucinations soon will develop in all of the senses. Examples, a person may begin to seeing things at inappropriate places such as faces in clouds and etc. Individual can also sense the touch of spirits or movements inside our body. Then, experiencing
Research has determined that depression is identified by an individual's failure to concentrate, biases seem to be implying that this comes from a negative set of memories and experiences that make up a persons’ beliefs. This mind set results in a deeply thoughtful style described by a lack of logical
Major Depression Depression is one of the most common therapeutic topics. There are many effects that lead to major depression and thus require distinctive therapy methods. It is a mood disorder that is associated with the body, emotions and thoughts (Hoeksema and rector, 2011). In order for a person to be diagnosed with major depression, they must show at least 4 symptoms from any of the 4 categories; such as mood changes, cognitive changes, physical changes, and behavior changes; and must have experience of depression for 2 weeks. These symptoms arise overtime and thus it is very crucial to determine the outcome and the solution for depression. Even though the main cause of depression is biology, social factors help derive stress that lead to depressive moods because of situations that people face which then supports the other etiologies. Through this essay I will discuss the social stress that causes depression through social involvement, relationships with close individuals, and stress from work. Secondly, how parental teaching affects the child’s thought process and in the way the child learns to deal with situations. Thirdly, past traumatic events that influences self-esteem, thought process in particular situations and other effects on depression. Finally why social etiology explains depression more effectively over the biological and psychological etiologies. As people carry on their everyday routine, different situations come cross their way.
Columbia University outlined the great potential impact of neurogenesis (the formation of new neurons in the brain) on our understanding of the brain mechanisms underlying depression and its treatment. There has also been research surrounding gene therapy, along with a number of new studies related to understanding the brain and the effects of depression on the brain (Medscape, 2005).
This paper focuses on the importance of early recognition of depression and acknowledgement of the important matter that this mental illness is not just feeling blue or sad but it is a serious disorder and without applied treatment or proper medication, it may lead to the suicide of a patient. This essay presents to the reader that depression may be seen everywhere, even at work, and it is crucial for the management to notice the first warning signs and be able to help. Depression may be suffered at any age, by itself or it might come along with other disease what makes it harder to notice the symptoms
Depression effects different aspects of the anatomy of the brain. A common hypothesis is that depression stems from the limbic system (Carroll et al.; 1976). The limbic system is the part of the brain that regulates emotions, sexual drive, and responses to stimuli like stress; it is the part of the brain that senses “how you feel about stimuli”. The limbic system lies within the temporal lobe and includes the cingulate gyrus, the amygdala, the hypothalamus, the insular cortex, and the hippocampus. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is related to the expression of personality, and is broadly divided into three sections: the dorsolateral portion, the orbitofrontal or paralimbic portion, and the anterior cingulate cortex. The dorsolateral portion of
Depression is a common psychiatric disorder which has a long lasting effect on the mind as well as the body and is the fastest growing cause that tends to decrease productivity, disability, work absistence and high suicide rates among the individuals. Around one in ten patients usually treated in primary health care settings encountered some forms of depression. It can reoccur, tends to be chronic and can be worsen with increasing disability over time if not treated. In recent report 56 million Indians suffer from depression. In worldwide the prevalence of depression is increase 18% from 2005 to 2015. Major depression is less common in older than younger adult which are living in community. The pathogenesis of depression is depending on various
Today, depression ranks as one of the biggest health problems. It was shown that 6.7 percent of Americans above 18, which is around 15 million people, suffer from depression in 2005 and it is still growing (DBSA). Although there have been many studies in the past and today about depression, it is still considered mysterious and have many questions yet to be answered such as “Is depression a type of reaction, or is it a disease?” and “Is depression caused primarily by psychological stress and conflict, or is it related primarily to a biological derangement?” (Beck). People have not found an universal answer to these many mysterious questions, yet they all agree that depression is important and serious. Among all the disease, depression has caused the most human suffering. Depression, after schizophrenia, has the most admissions to mental hospitals in the U.S. and is five times more prevalent than schizophrenia outside hospitals (Beck). Aaron T. Beck, a professor of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine who is regarded as the ‘Father of Cognitive Therapy’, defines depression in terms of the following attributes:
Depression consequences from abnormalities within the interactions among neurotransmitters and hormones within the mind, including the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis; noradrenergic, serotonergic, and dopaminergic structures; neuropeptides; and brain-derived neurotrophic aspect (BDNF), and might cause structural modifications in the brain.
With the development of science and technology, the tempo of life is speeding up. Although people’s life becomes more convenient, more physical, mental, and social challenges follow. A mental challenge refers to the disease or condition that can affect the way people think, feel and behave. There are various mental challenges existing in people’s daily life (“Mental Health Challenges”). Among all the mental challenges, depression is the most common. Depression can be adverse to our mental health and normal life. The paper provides a variety of ways for people to avoid and overcome depression.