Depression : A Common Illness Worldwide

1755 Words8 Pages
Depression is a common illness worldwide, with an estimated 350 million people affected. Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease (WHO). Depression is not a feeling of blue or sadness that we all feel in our daily lives. It is actually a very serious illness. The word depression can be best described as a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems (Mayo clinic). Depression can vary from person to person. It is categorized into different types like Major Depression (Also known as Major Depressive Disorder, Chronic Major Depression or Unipolar Depression), Dysthymia, Bipolar Disorder, Persistent Depressive Disorder, Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), Psychotic Depression, Postpartum Depression and Substance Induced Mood Disorder (abuse or dependence) Depression can affect people of all ages and all types of ethnic groups. Women are more likely to experience a higher rate of depression than men. Biological, hormonal, life cycle and psychological factors may be linked to women higher depression rate. Women are more vulnerable to developing postpartum depression after giving birth. Men are more likely to take up alcohol or abuse drugs in order to overcome their depression. People who
Get Access