Depression : A Serious Mental Illness

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Introduction Depression is a serious mental illness that changes how an individual thinks and feels. It can also affect their social behaviors and physical wellness. Depression also significantly affects an individuals self esteem. It is not jut a feeling of occasional sadness, but a constant feeling of sadness that stays with you. Depression is one of the most commonly diagnosed disorders that can affect a wide range of individuals. It has a wide range of symptoms, causes and risk factors. In some cases if untreated it can lead to a major catastrophe, such as suicide. Research as found that over 16% of individuals who have been diagnosed have committed suicide (Rihmer et al., 2010). Depression can occur along with other mental disorders such as anxiety disorders or bipolar disorder. When an individual is diagnosis with severe depression that are diagnosis with major depressive disorder. The lifetime prevalence of MDD is 16.2% and has been found to be more common in women. Symptoms of depression can vary from one person to another; some individuals may not even realize that they are becoming depressed (Phillips et al., 2015). There are numerous reasons why someone can develop depression. Most often it takes more than one incident to make an individual develop depression. Often a severe stressor has to occur for the onset. Medication is a common treatment for depression, but most often it takes more than medication to treat major depression (Davison et al., 2013). Depression
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