Depression Among Older Adults

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Alcohol is often associated as a mild case among substance use disorders despite that there are many persons diagnosed with alcohol use. Based on the survey conducted by the World Health Organization (2005), the worldwide per capita consumption of alcoholic beverages equaled 6.13 litres of pure alcohol consumed by every person aged 15 years or older. Likewise, it was reported that each person consumes 28.6% or 1.76 litres of homemade and illegally produced alcohol and is considered unrecorded alcohol. Since most studies on alcohol abuse focuses on the younger generations, only few literatures were found on cases among older adults. Elderly people are hospitalized due to alcohol abuse due to higher sensitivity and poorer ability to metabolize alcohol (Saitz, 2003). They are advised to moderately drink with no more than two drinks on a single occasion as they are at risk for interpersonal and functioning problems (Merrick et. al., 2007). Though less prevalent, it was found by Fiske and colleagues (2009) that older adults are more prone to depression than the younger ones. In fact, most of them who are diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder. Risk factors leading to the development of late life depression likely comprise…show more content…
Heilig and colleagues (2009) found that during early phase of withdrawal, the person experiences undefined depressed mood and high anxiety which causes distress. As such, their behaviors resulted to the increase in behavioral sensitivity to stress resulting to a struggle in understanding his behaviors rather than finding solutions. The first-hand experience of the preliminary symptoms of withdrawal must be noted to reduce the tendency for perceptual disturbance. However, due to the abnormality of the signs, the person may have difficulty to control himself, most especially it happened for the first
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