Depression And Children's Emotion Regulation

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Depression is a common disorder, with a lifetime prevalence of 16.6% for adults, and a 12-month and lifetime prevalence of 7.5% and 11% in adolescents, respectively (Avenevoli, Swendsen, He, Burstein, & Merikangas, 2015; Kessler et al., 2005). Additionally, Avenevoli et al. (2015) note that depression has its roots in childhood, as rates of depression dramatically increase in adolescence. Thus, understanding the mechanisms involved in youth depression development is critical. Parenting and children’s emotion regulation (ER) capabilities have been extensively studied as risk factors, and each has consistently been found to convey risk for depression (Aldao, Nolen-Hoeksema, & Schweizer, 2010; McLeod, Weisz, & Wood, 2007). While direct effects on depression development exist for both factors, it is also likely that depression results from the dynamic interaction of parenting and child ER across the lifespan. Such a finding would enhance our understanding of depression’s etiology and suggest that successful depression treatment and intervention must involve intervention in multiple domains. Thus, the purpose of this review is to synthesize recent research in order to better understand how parenting and child ER interact to contribute to the emergence of youth depression.
Critical Review of Research
Add a general intro about ER first

Behavioral and Cognitive Indices of Emotion Regulation ER refers to the processes involved in the initiation, control, modulation,
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