Depression And Depressive Disorders: A Case Study

Decent Essays
Depression or depressive disorders (unipolar depression) are mental illnesses characterized by a profound and persistent feeling of sadness or despair and/or a loss of interest in things that once were pleasurable (Ford, Anne, & Odle, 2015). A major depressive episode is a change in several different aspects of a person’s life or emotional state consistently for a minimum of 14 days. A major depressive disorder may consist of a single episode or be recurrent at various points in life. Anhedonia, a state where a person no longer feels pleasure from activities that previously invoked joy, usually accompanies a major depressive disorder (Kneisl & Trigoboff, 2013). Signs of depression include: changes in appetite (increased or decreased cravings),…show more content…
MRI’s have shown increased cortisol levels are related to a shrunken/decreased size in the hippocampus. The more episodes of depression that has occurred, the greater the reduction in the hippocampus if left untreated. The symptoms of mood disorders are often ignored or dismissed and believed to be temporary. Increased levels of BDNF has been suggested as a potential biomarker for depression as well (Oltedal, Kessler, Ersland, Graner, Andreassen, Haavik, Hoff, Hammar, Dale, Hugdahl & Oedegaard, 2015). Many people with these disorders are never seen for treatment, because they do not realize they have a problem, some do not realize they have a treatable illness, physical complaints may be referred for physical or surgical care instead of mental health care, and their healthcare policy or insurance may not cover treatment or be nonexistent (Kneisl & Trigoboff,…show more content…
Depression typically drains your energy, and you lose motivation. The first step in moving forward is becoming focused again. The next step is rebuilding or creating new friendships and relationships. Emotional support will have the patient feeling loved, hopeful, cared for, and important to others. Exercise is one of the hardest things to get out of bed and become motivated to do, but it is the most beneficial thing anyone could do. Evidence suggests that physical activity triggers new cell growth in the brain, increases mood-enhancing neurotransmitters and endorphins, reduces stress, and relieves muscle tension. Achieving small accomplishments will also start to become motivating and trigger more positive thinking versus the negative thoughts that often occur with depression. Another small task one can accomplish is not skipping meals. By taking a few minutes each day to plan out your meal or scheduled meal times, you’ll be less likely to skip a meal which will in turn make you irritable and tired (Houghton, Curran, & Ekers,
Get Access