Depression As A Chemical Imbalance

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Right now, over fourteen and a half million Americans, nearly seven percent of the population, suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)(Source 1). The human brain and its complexities currently make it impossible to quantify the exact way in which depression arises and affects a person. However, one thing is certain, a lot of people are sad, and it is getting worse. The rate of depression among high school to college age students has increased significantly in the U.S. over the past fifty years. Depression is often described as a chemical imbalance in the brain, which is entirely correct; however, this is a gross oversimplification of the disease. Neurologists have identified over one hundred different neurotransmitters, the chemicals…show more content…
Additionally, temperament, the way in which an individual views the world and their unacknowledged assumptions about how it works, also influence mood (Source 11). Although depression is classified as a mental illness, clinical depression can produce a host of physical and mental symptoms. Mentally, depression makes a person feel miserable, hopeless, and as though the smallest tasks are impossible. Previously enjoyed activities often become uninteresting and anger and stress levels can skyrocket. Physically, chronic exhaustion sets in and aches and pains can arise which have no apparent cause (Source 1). The MMPI test is heavily used in psychiatric and depression research. The MMPI, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, is the “most widely used psychometric test for measuring adult psychopathology in the world”, and its derivatives, the updated MMPI-2 and the MMPI-A that is used in adolescents, are both widely used and accepted in the academic and psychiatric communities (Source 4). An alarming trend has arisen in the past fifty years in America, depression rates have increased significantly for high school to college students. There is dispute over the exact magnitude of the increase, with some studies reporting a fifteen to twenty percent increase in
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