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Attribution Theory and Depression Mike E. Calderin Christopher Newport Attribution Theory and Depression Baron, Branscombe, and Byrne (2009) explain the attribution theory as not wanting to just know how ourselves and others act, but why we and others act that way. People assign attributes or reasons to why something happens to better perceive, justify, and understand why people act the way they do. The Attribution Theory can be applied to many different areas of peoples’ lives. In recent years the attribution theory has been applied to different areas including Depression (Baron, Branscombe, & Byrne, 2009). According to the Mayo Clinic Staff depression is defined as, “a medical illness that causes a…show more content…
The interesting thing about his findings is that this attitude affected further performance on later tests that were different. Just like self-fulfilling prophecy; if you are of the mindset you won’t do well then you probably will not. Different therapies have come about in an attempt to help depressed individuals change their mindset and stop engaging in self-deprecating thoughts. The Attribution retraining (AR) therapy is one of the techniques under the umbrella of cognitive behaviors. AR attempts to treat depressed individuals negative thoughts and behaviors by changing the explanations for problems and symptoms. AR has become popular and heavily researched in China because it is shorter and easily applied (Wang, et. al., 2011) Depression is easy to target with attribution theory because it can be individualized to the patients need and target the negative outcomes specifically. AR therapy targets the negative attributions by supplying alternative explanations that are more healthy attributions (Wang et. al., 2011). By offering a healthy alternative explanation the depressed person begins to make sense and not feel so out of control of their life. This may also lead to a quick way for depressed individuals to assess what is really happening and why they perceive the situation so negatively. This goes back to the many different facets of depression. By targeting where the negative perceptions are coming from the
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