Depression Essay

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In today’s society, we are faced with or placed in many unpredictable and stressful situations. However, many of us manage to properly analyze the situations and maintain our sanity, experiencing only a mild form of depression, if any. Others may encounter similar situations and become mentally depressed. Some reasons for being depressed are normal, such as, a death of a family member, parents divorce, or loss of job; but, depending on how long you are depressed, as a result of these misfortunate situations, can determine weather or not you are emotionally depressed. Depression is the most common psychological disorder that affects both the young and old, rich and poor, or even successful and unsuccessful people. Although depression …show more content…
Some physical aspects of individuals lives are affected, as well. Physically, the individuals can suffer major depression lose mental and physical energy, along with vague aches and pains. Also, individuals experience restlessness and anxiety which is exhibited through fidgeting and aimless pacing Liebowitz, 1993; Witchen & Others). Other changes include no energy, sleep disorder, and changes in eating habits which can cause weight loss or gain.

A less familiar form of depression is called SAD. Seasonal affective disorder(SAD) is a mood disorder in which episode of depression typically recur during the fall and winter and remit during the spring and summer (Hockenbury & Hockenbury, 1998). During darkness, the pineal gland in the brain secretes larger amounts of the hormone melatonin, associated with drowsiness and lethargy. Light suppresses the secretion of this chemical. Although the extra melatonin secreted in winter doesn’t disturb the body’s chemical balance for most of us, people with SAD suffer from an overdose of their hormone (Bootzin & Acocella, 1988). This form of depression is predictable since it only occurs in the fall or winter. Women are affected by this form of depression than men.

Next, we look at bipolar…

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