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Depression Paper

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Assignment: Depression Paper

Stress and situational depression are seen as just a part of life. As people grow and experience life they encounter events that trigger stress and signs of depression. These events can include changes in the professional world, death, and academics. Changes in mood such as these are temporary, and are pretty common. Aside from these normal occurrences actual depression, or clinical depression, is seen in 1 in 10 Americans. Clinical depression is a mental illness that that can prohibit normal daily functioning. In this assignment I will examine two forms of clinical depression, unipolar, and bipolar depression. Depression can be so debilitating that it can cause a person to become suicidal. This
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>Causes of depression, p.4 1) have at a much more elevated chance of developing depression.
There are a number of therapies that are available for the treatment of unipolar disorder, some more effective than others, just depends on the degree of depression. Probably one of the most controversial, but also deemed effective biological treatments is Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). In ECT, the patient is subjected to induction of seizure through controlled electric shock, under anesthesia. The process itself is under scrutiny because it is not entirely understood, which is main a reason why it is only considered in the direst of cases. ECT tends to have severe physical health risks and with the introduction of newer and less harmful antidepressant drugs, it is being used far less often (Comer, 2005). This new class of drugs includes three main types; monoamine oxidase (MAOI) inhibitors, tricyclics and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
All three types have proven to be effective, but SSRIs probably the most commonly recommended, mainly due to the smaller body of side effects they have shown. SSRIs function by balancing the brain’s neurotransmitters. They increase serotonin and norepinephrine levels (Comer,2005). There are a vast number of other treatment options that are on the market, most of which are just not as commonly prescribed. Studies have shown that drug treatments are most effective when used in conjunction
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