Depression: Reality Theory vs. Person-Centered Theory

1347 WordsJan 7, 20185 Pages
Depression; Reality Theory vs. Person Centered Theory Depression: Depression is a key public health problem and a foremost forecaster of functional disability and mortality. The yearly economic outcomes of depression have been estimated at 83 billion dollars in the United States and 118 billion euro in Europe. Optimal depression treatment improves results for the majority patients (Uptodate). Even though the majority adults with clinically considerable depression never see a mental health professional, they regularly see a primary care physician. However considerable amount of depressed primary care patients stay undiagnosed or under-treated, indicating attitudes and practices of physicians, patients, families, and health care systems. A methodical review of 36 studies established that non-psychiatric physicians missed the diagnosis of depression in over 50% of the patients that they saw, even though these findings should be inferred with acknowledgment of the dissimilarity between primary care and psychiatric practice in the relentlessness of depression, the complication of diagnosing and treating depression in the background of other chronic medical illness, and the primary care advance to diagnosis over a number of office visits (Uptodate). The DSM-IV-TR criteria for depressive disorders, necessitate that the depressive occurrence cause considerable distress or dysfunction. A major depressive syndrome or episode marked with five or more of the following symptoms,
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