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Depression : The Most Common Type Of Mental Disorder

Decent Essays
Literature Review
Depression
Depression is common among women who suffered from emotional and psychological abuse in relationships (Kim & Kahng, 2011). It is characterized by "depressed mood, loss of interest, appetite and low energy, feelings of guilt or disturbed sleep” (Kim & Kahng, 2011). There is an alarming high prevalence of intimate partner violence in many families; however, the adverse effect of the abuse on its victims is more troubling (Kim & Kahng, 2011). Depression is the most common type of mental disorder that victims of intimate partner violence suffer from (Kim & Kahng, 2011). Statistics Canada (2014) reported that in addition to physical abuse, victims also suffer from psychological effects consistent with mental
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Studies by Kim & Kahng (2011); Salcioglu, Urhan, Pirinccioglu & Aydin (2016); Pineles, Susan Mineka & Zinbarg (2008) reported that victims extend exposure to intimate partner violence are more likely to suffer from depression. They also found that the depression levels in the sample were fairly high as 40% of respondents exceeded the cut-off point of 16 for clinical depression (Pineles, Susan Mineka & Zinbarg, 2008). Victims who were exposed to intimate partner violence were less likely to have received help from formal or informal social support (Kim & Kahng, 2011). Alarmingly, those who received help were not satisfied with the services they received (Kim & Kahng, 2011). The major findings suggested that self-worth, self-deprecation, and depression were significantly related and that victims who suffered intimate partner violence had lower self-esteem and self-worth (Kim & Kahng, 2011).
Similarly, the article by Salcioglu, Urhan, Pirinccioglu & Aydin (2016) found that there is a significant correlation between depression and intimate partner violence. The study was conducted in March 2012 in fourteen shelters across Turkey consisting of 631 participants (Salcioglu, et al., 2016). The study examined the psychological trauma experienced and how anticipatory fear and helplessness can help predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in survivors
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