Descartes Dreaming Argument And Evil Demon

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This essay will outline and discuss Descartes dreaming argument and evil demon. Descartes argues that there is no certain way to distinguish a waking state from a dreaming state. I will argue that the dreaming argument is not sound and there may be a possibility that there are distinctions between waking and dreaming, putting Descartes certainty into doubt. I will also argue the evil demon argument is a stronger argument than the dreaming argument.
In this paragraph I will introduce both arguments and in subsequent paragraphs I will discuss objections and evidence of both arguments and argue the evil demon argument holds stronger than the dreaming argument. Both arguments from Descartes doubts about the world. He proceeds to rid himself of his opinions and aims to form opinions on certain truths. The dreaming argument argues that you cannot differentiate between being in a 'waking' state and a 'dreaming' state. In Descartes' First Meditation he uses their example of being unable to differentiate sitting by a fire and dreaming, "How often, asleep at night, am I convinced of just such familiar events—that I am here in my dressing-gown, sit- ting by the fire—when in fact I am lying un- dressed in bed! (Feinberg J, Shafer-Landau R, 2016;243). This is important as dreams can lead us to false beliefs and if we cannot tell between being awake and dreaming, then the beliefs we have may not be true. In order to be certain that you are awake, you have to be certain you are not

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