Descartes ' First Proof That God Exist

2000 WordsDec 8, 20158 Pages
In Descartes’ third Meditation, he attempts to prove the existence of a good and omnipotent God, to build on prove his own existence. The purpose of this essay is to grasp a better understanding and analyze Descartes’ first proof that God necessarily exists. Firstly, I will explain the proof of the existence of God according to Descartes through the concepts of formal and objective reality. Secondly, I will get to his claim that God is the cause of our own existence through the principle of special cause. Finally, I will propose relevant counterarguments to Descartes’ theories. The purpose of Meditation 3 is to prove God’s existence. From what Descartes has established in the previous meditations, he is certain that he exists and that he is a thinking thing that has the capability to doubt, affirm, deny, understand, will, refuse, imagine and feel (34). What Descartes is still doubtful about is the existence of these bodily things. Descartes is undoubtedly certain that he is a thinking thing and he clearly and distinctly perceives this fact. He could not be certain unless all clear and distinct perceptions can be certain. Therefore, he concludes that whatever he perceives clearly and distinctly (“the natural light”) must be true. Clear and distinct ideas are self-evident truths. We know that 2 + 2 = 4. How do we know that it equals 4? Well, we just know it, and we are certain about it. But what if 2 + 2 = 5? Is God deceiving us? So, to assure himself that he is not being
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