Describe At Least Five Manifestations Of A Contrast Dye Reaction

1260 Words Feb 1st, 2015 6 Pages
10. Describe at least five manifestations of a contrast dye reaction. What steps can the nurse take to minimize the risks of a patient having one of these reactions?

The contrast dye that is used during cardiac catheterization can lead to many reactions that ranges from mild to serious. The mild symptoms include diaphoresis, pruritus, dyspnea and tachycardia. The more serious reactions include ventricular tachycardia, bronchospasm, laryngeal edema, and seizures (Siddiqi, 2014). A nurse can minimize these risks by pre-medicating the patient if the patient is known to have an allergy or a disease that could exacerbate such as asthma. The medications that can be used include prednisone and hydrocortisone. It is also recommended that the nurse who is caring for high risk patients should monitor them closely and to assess them more frequently if a reaction were to occur (Bashore, 2012).

11. What is informed consent? Is consent required prior to this procedure? Why or why not?

Any patient that is having a procedure performed should receive informed consent. Informed consent is a legal document that is signed by the patient from the physician that gives the patient all the potential benefits and risks that could be involved in a procedure. Informed consent can either be written or used as a video as long as the patient understands the procedures risks and benefits. The information that is given to the patient regarding the procedure must be at their communication level. If…
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