Describe Atkinson And Shiffrin 's Multi Store Model Of Memory

1928 WordsMar 14, 20168 Pages
Describe Atkinson and Shiffrin’s multi-store model of memory, with reference to the experimental studies which do and do not support it. Memory is defined as being the mental capacity to encode, store and retrieve information. Atkinson and Shiffrin developed the Multi-store memory model in an attempt to explain this phenomenon (figure 1), (Atkinson and Shiffrin,1968). Throughout this essay, the MSM model shall be discussed, and how the concept is far more complex than initially understood. The original simplistic MSM model suggests that information flows in a well-regulated pathway between stores, and interaction between the stores allows retrieval and storage of information. The model consists of three permanent units, sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. Processes which connect the systems include attention, rehearsal and retrieval (Figure 1). Rehearsal has two main roles according to Atkinson and Shiffrin. This includes acting as a buffer between SM and LTM by maintaining incoming information within the STM and transferring information from STM to LTM. Although the multi-store memory model can be considered to be outdated and over simplistic it has paved the way for psychologists to identify how memory works. Figure 1: The MSM model as designed by Atkinson and Shiffrin, indicating that memory is made up of three separate unit’s sensory store, short term and long term store. Which are connected via rehearsal and retrieval The first stage of MSM
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